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trinidad and tobago women

As a solitary, Trini lady, residing abroad, I am certainly not afraid to acknowledge that if I resided in have a peek at this site I wouldn’ t be actually single. In reality, I frequently joke along withmy sweethearts that every time I go residence to visit, I return to New York Urban Area along witha new crushand a tiny tabanca.

One of my near person buddies (also Trini and living in the US) often states that the hookup along witha Trini guy is actually different, and is actually one that a United States –- or any person else for that issue –- would certainly find virtually inconceivable to replicate. I can’ t totally coincide his claim, yet I am going to accept that there are some factors I really value about Trini men.

Now, I’ m not mentioning they ‘ re all goodie-two-shoes, considering that there are good-for-nothing, – waste-ah-time men’ ‘ everywhere. However, there are actually a couple of top qualities that the Trini men I love share, whichI experience be entitled to special focus.

1. They can easily manage the vineyard

Does this truly need an explanation? Offered exactly how sexualized our dancing kind is, a male who may ” take care of de vineyard “, as we say, simply creates you would like to take him residence to test out those moves flat. Nevertheless, who wants to waste a well-oiled waistline?

Of training program a bess a glass of wine performs certainly not automatically qualify him for a prance after an evening out at 51 or a lime on Ariapita Pathway; and while Trini guys yearn for sexual activity just as highas any guy of yet another race, they have extremely different approaches on just how to get it. They know that if they devote sufficient opportunity along witha woman, and play their cards straight, this also are going to come. Trini guys understand they need to work for – it & rsquo

2. They make you laugh

Picong. Casual conversation. Ole talk. Nonetheless you place it, many Trinis recognize exactly how to speak real sh* t, and the majority of Trini guys recognize how to turn on the appeal and create you laugh, especially when they begin their tale along withan insidious smile. When a man can easily create you buss yuhstomachlaughing or even eject the Smirnoff you were sipping on, he’ s effectively on his technique to creating a good perception.

This also links into a few of them being exceptionally amusing, seducing you even better withtheir beauty. I can just envision that this was given via generations, from legend kids who charmed the women withthe appeals and attraction, instead of the form of job they possessed.
3. They pay attention

This might be due to the fact that the Trini men I recognize still live at home withtheir mothers, and/ or even have siblings. In any case, Trini women are actually a talkative whole lot and it takes an exclusive skill to not merely analyze what our company imply, yet likewise bear in mind the really important points that may obtain lost in the amount of traits our experts claim. Believe me, there is actually absolutely nothing more endearing than not must redo yourself, or even advise your companion of your sort and dislikes.

I presume males practise discerning hearing, however Trini males have this set up to a science. They recognize that failing to remember the – little bit of points ‘ can easily possess terrible consequences, and remembering the simple things, like birthday celebrations and favourite beverages, can result in unanticipated, yet quite good advantages.
4. They know when to lead/ be an excellent gent

The Trini men I know have taken care of to place a modern spin on old-fashioned courtliness. They recognize that women like me think we put on’ t really need a man ‘ s protection, whichour experts’ re greater than withthe ability of purchasing our own alcoholic beverages, and handling our own selves, when our team’ re out. So they step up in a plain manner in whichdoesn’ t threaten our independence, while making it effortless for our company to allow their leadership.

On my recent excursion property, I met among my man friends depending on the corner outside Coco Lobby. As we awaited our other close friends to show up, he suggested that our company walk a quick range up the street to an adjoining bar. As I started walking off, he quit me and stated, ” You may ‘ t do me that. Walk on the inside satisfy”. In trinidad and tobago women and Tobago, males who were actually lifted right know that you regularly placed the female on the within you far from web traffic and danger. He additionally strolled beside me, as opposed to in front of me, let me go first –- as we made our means withthe group of individuals outside bench, and was at my side to make sure that I navigated the enter benchsafely. It do without pointing out that my beverages were actually paid for and I never needed to advise him of what I was actually consuming alcohol for the rest of the evening.

5. They don’ t state the evident and they make an attempt & hellip;

As an attractive woman, I grow weary of males articulating useless praises and lewd declarations. Trini guys, nevertheless, have actually mastered the art of giving compliments, and making a woman think intended merely by the way they check out or hold her (the considerate ones, that is). When they carry out worry about to articulate what you suspect they’ re thinking, it ‘ s two times as relevant and obtains them a whole lot even more.

Now, there are actually those that can’ t withstand need to let you recognize specifically what they’ re reasoning (even when it’ s totally – unpleasant ‘ and out-of-line). Those are actually the ones who attract you to develop into a jammette, and rip into them, however definitely, they’ re unworthy the initiative.

If most women adored football along withthe complete interest that I carry out, I would certainly add love of regulation football to the checklist. I’d also inform you that many males who really love soccer enjoy a girl who likes regulation football. Any sort of male that can involve me in a really good soccer argument, even when he doesn’ t coincide me or even sustain my group, obtains reward points. But that’ s merely me.

No male- irrespective of his ethnic background or even lifestyle –- possesses a perfect predisposition. Still, a really good Trini male gets my ballot any sort of day. As a Trini lady, I’ m definitely prejudiced, and my fundamental reason would certainly be that, if nothing at all else, Trinidadian guys are culturally familiar to me. So I’ m extra happy to forget their imperfections. Hmmmm & hellip; I’ m starting to presume that if I’ m still solitary at 34, and any one of my Trini fella pals are actually still singular, I’ ll quit my project, pack my bags, scalp home and propose.

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Yggdrasil Gaming Free Games Pokies To Play Partners Casumo for Casino Information Circulation

Yggdrasil Gaming Partners Casumo for Casino Information Circulation

Provider of online casino content and related marketing tools Yggdrasil Gaming announced it has penned play free pokies online no download no registration a circulation deal with Malta-headquartered casino that is online Casumo. The contract shall see the online gambling brand name get real time with Yggdrasil Gaming’s complete suite of online slot titles. Casumo will also be in a position to benefit from its partner’s promotional tools.

Big Blox, Monkey King, therefore the recently launched play indian dreaming pokies free Bicicleta are among the games being to become available to Casumo players.

As mentioned above, the online casino brand name may also be permitted access to Yggdrasil Gaming’s number of tools. For example, Casumo will be able to make use of Infinite API, an item aimed at enhancing consumer engagement, the BOOST assortment of promotional tools, plus the recently launched BRAG social networking device.

Commenting free pokies to play for free regarding the latest content distribution deal finalized by their company, Yggdrasil Gaming CEO and founder Fredrik Elmqvist said on their toes and provide them with creative challenges all the time that they are keen to be working with gambling operators that keep them. The executive further noted that their games and tools pokies free play will definitely help the casino that is online, that has currently produced name for itself being a ‘creative, experienced, and advanced level play wheres the gold pokies free’ one, to keep up its growth.

Casumo CEO Oscar Simonsson stated that it is their absolute goal to provide players using the best feasible experience and that Yggdrasil Gaming as well as its items will definitely assist the business accomplish this.

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website builder

The best website builder s for 2019

Whether you’ re a small business owner, performer, digital photographer, author or consultant, there’s a best website builders available for you- regardless of whether you don’t recognize how to code.

Building a website has actually come a very long way considering that the neon-text-on-black-background times of MySpace and also Angelfire. Right now you may conveniently and also expertly current your business or even solutions without recognizing HTML, possessing coding skills or even appearing like a center schooler’s on the web science task.

The website builder sector has actually developed a whole lot over the last ten years and also may be overwhelming for first-timers. However that growthand difficulty also indicates that you have muchmore choices than ever and can discover the very best website builder modified to your requirements. It’s true that a few website builder favorites have actually emerged- and also those websites are generally a good area to start- however even the front-runners may not be preferably matched for every case. To make it very easy for you, we have actually collected all the information you require to make a good selection on the very best website builder and get to the exciting portion of designing your internet site.

* Beginning cost does not feature less expensive programs if they are actually ad-supported. Some merchants offer cost-free domain name hosting for the 1st year on some plannings as well.

These solutions are separately picked by our publishers. CNET might receive a share of the earnings if you get everything included on our web site.

To compile this list of absolute best website builder s, we researched the prices, plannings and also components of over 12 different website builder s and also combed website builder evaluates from a number of web sites, featuring PCMag, Wirecutter, WebsiteToolTester, SiteBuilderReport, WPBeginner as well as more, to find where there could be any kind of opinion. Our team additionally evaluated the CNET staff, and ultimately hung around creating some exam web sites using the resources below (if we weren’t already customers). Our experts paid certain attention to the types that not just vary one website coming from an additional, yet that really matter to entrepreneur, musicians and inventors.

If, due to the end of the list, you’re still not exactly sure whichinstructions to go, our team have actually featured a quick guide basically, including essential inquiries you should be actually inquiring yourself as you begin your internet endeavor. Ultimately, if you presently possess a website and also just need to have a lot or even you have an interest in developing a WordPress internet site, have a look at our listing of ideal web hosting services.

Best website builder general (as well as finest free choice): Wix

Wix is actually the crystal clear shoo-in in the race for website builder domination. It is actually the greatest gamer, along withover 110 million websites created, as well as includes the best amount of resources, abilities, as well as freedom.

Wix covers the total ease-of-use range by delivering an AI-fueled automatic website maker on one end (” Wix ADI”) that needs very little attempt from the customer, all the way to Wix Corvid, an open progression platform for sophisticated functions like Javascript, data sources and also data-driven powerful web pages. To optimize the adventure, our experts do encourage deciding on one lane (e.g., Wix ADI, particular themes or even design-from-scratch), considering that it can be hard to preserve congruity throughout your website concept if, as an example, you begin along witha theme but after that decide you intend to entirely tailor it.

Like many competitions in this space, Wix uses a standard free of charge strategy that lets you develop a cost-free website starter web site withadvertisements. If you like what you see, you can easily invest up for a superior, ad-free web site. Prices drops within business specifications witha $13-per-month”Combo” program that covers very most needs for an individual website, up to a $49-per-month”Organisation VIP” shopping plan for your online outlet. Those rates carry out certainly not feature a domain, therefore you’ll need to have to account for that separately. And if you want stats and analytics, you’ll either require to obtain a paid for Google Analytics account or even an additional 3rd party resource, as Wix doesn’t have its own.

Despite being the crystal clear preference amongst a lot of reviewers, Wix carries out have a few disadvantages. Wix was just one of minority home builders that has information limits for eachof its plan tiers, therefore if you would like to submit never-ending pictures and videos, or even anticipate more than 5,000 guests a monthto your website, ensure you do the mathematics before choosing a plan.

Also, the editor’s freedom and also series of alternatives may be mind-boggling for folks that don’t possess the amount of time or even inclination to make tons of little choices, and also the concept versatility means you’ll need to have to become extra hands-on withthe style and also layout, as opposed to even more organized or even limited publishers where you can’t pull also far outside the lines.

Best prepackaged style: Squarespace

Squarespace hits us as being the amazing youngster in secondary school- fancy and also hip on the surface but doing not have drug below. Our experts found it to become in between Wix as well as Weebly in terms of convenience of utilization, thoughit performed receive continually beneficial spots from customers for the premium of concept. Where our company believe it really might radiate is actually for tiny- to medium-size companies that wisha beautifully developed webpage and area for e-commerce development along withlesser deal fees.

The Squarespace publisher isn’t as instinctive as Wix as well as Weebly, demanding a little bit of work till you learn it. It has a fair quantity of additionals, website themes as well as resources, and the global type editor as well as sturdy picture modifying are practical. The reactive website editor suggests that your site will definitely regularly look excellent on mobile phone, yet you will not have the ability to make mobile-specific edits like along withWix or Duda. Our team also located steady higher spots for handy and also reactive customer support, whichought to put small business owner’ thoughts confident.

Squarespace begins witha $12-a-monthPrivate plan, that includes unlimited storage, transmission capacity and a domain name, and supplies an $18 Organisation website plan that features limitless factors, a Gmail professional account, and also ecommerce functionalities. If you select an “Online Store” program, you can decide on in between $26 and also $40 a month, the latter of that includes a couple of last touches like left purchasing cart recovery as well as gift memory cards. It is very important to keep in mind that the $26 online store strategy, while maybe slightly above the marketplace rate for an e-commerce site, features no purchase expenses. So depending on your sales volume on a given month, those savings for our internet retail store could definitely add up.

Overall, Squarespace’s website is actually an excellent analog of what you get withits products: tidy, professional as well as welcoming style, but without the coatings of design energy or flexibility you receive from other contractors.

Easiest to make use of: Weebly

The editor is among the best to utilize, and the low discovering arc still nets beautiful internet sites. That ease-of-use suggests the publisher is actually muchmore restricted in regards to additionals and concept flexibility, as well as it does not possess the stable of choices or mobile phone personalization that a builder like Wix possesses. Still, in our screening, our company never concerned a factor where our team found those restrictions to be restricting. For a high-octane web developer, however, it could show up.

Weebly’s costs resemble competitors like Wix or even Squarespace, however its own free program option is among one of the most charitable amongst totally free website builder s, as well as for simply $5 a monthyou may rise and running withyour own domain name (albeit along withWeebly ads). Its own $12-per-monthstrategy will provide you an ad-free web site withanalytics and commerce capacities, while the $25 plan acquires you muchmore establishment tools, like tax obligation and also shipping personal digital assistants, inventory administration and also savings.

Weebly is actually an excellent alternative for those that may be extra restricted in relations to their opportunity financial investment, as well as its own business options outperform rivals like Wix and Squarespace. For those that distrust dedicating to a website builder knowing that you will not have the capacity to pick up and also leave in the future, Weebly likewise uses the ability to install internet site reports so you can relocate to an additional lot, an one of a kind in the website builder landscape.

Best for developing an individualized knowledge: Duda

Duda is actually a smaller sized player contrasted to the other builders above withall around 15 thousand web sites constructed, and it focuses on a certain market segment: designers and layout companies. It satisfies people and groups that create a great deal of internet sites, however witha powerful and easy-to-use builder and also a lot of set apart offerings, it is actually emerged as an excellent option for anybody seeking to establishan online presence.

Duda’s builder flaunts a number of functions that prepare it apart, including mobile website personalization, comprehensive data analytics (e.g. improved metrics like kind entries, time on web page as well as bounce price), as well as user personalization so you can conveniently present certain notifications or even provides to consumers based upon the time of time, their site or even their browsing record. It is actually likewise recognized for its own multilanguage assistance as well as a totally free ecommerce add-on that enables you to sell up to 10 items.

Duda’s rates is actually a small amount more than its own major rivals like Wix and Weebly, starting at $14 monthly for the Essential planning. At $22, you may add up to four publishers for your website (instead of only one withSimple), gain access to advanced analytics, as well as begin utilizing Duda as a white-label/custom-branded builder, yet another one of Duda’s selling points. Its own “Organization” planning at $74 eachmonthis actually tailored toward internet developers that are constructing webpages for multiple clients, and features 8 internet sites as well as the potential to download website files for portability.

Duda is actually a little bit of expensive, however packs a number of the voids that the main players have, like analytics, multilingual abilities and also better personalization as well as mobile personalization.

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THE REGAL ‘WE’ IN COLLEGE Argumentative Essay Examples For 5th Grade OR UNIVERSITY ADMISSION

If there’s one grammatical gaffe—perhaps a Freudian slip—that elicits by far the most constant eye-rolling among school admission workers, its when college students and moms and dads utilize the royal “we’ to refer argumentative essay examples university with the kid’s feel.

“Our company is using SAT this ‘

‘We used on ten schools.’

‘ Do you listen we were accepted to the first solution?’

It really is usual to listen these refrains from parents, though college students are also guilty of utilising the ‘majestic’ plural pronoun rather than the single first person whenever discussing college entry. At any given time when educators were promoting young adults to embrace a sense of agency—taking ownership of their reading and future—the utilization of the regal we appears to express argumentative essay examples for college the contrary. For students, it could be indicative of delayed puberty as well as parents, it implies an unwillingness to ‘let get’ or cede control of their child’s trip. Over and over, chatting to anxious mothers warns against hijacking their particular kid argumentative essay examples’s school lookup. ‘You are not applying to, evaluation for or college that is attending’ we let them know, therefore ‘let your children make the reins, make choices and posses their own experience.’ After all college or university admission can be quite a rite of passageway this is certainly rich with developmental options as children grow into youngsters.

The Power of ‘We’
If there ever are an occasion to utilize the royal we, Bishop Michael Curry captured it.

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Just How college admissions has changed into one thing akin to ‘The Hunger Games’
By Valerie Strauss
March 28
The Washington Post

Anyone remotely involved in the university admissions process in the past few decades knows it has become, for essay writer too many pupils, high stakes and incredibly, extremely anxiety that is high. A college admissions counselor looks at the reality and makes a call for a new approach in this piece. This was published by Brennan Barnard, director of college guidance at the Derryfield class, a college that is private time school for grades 6-12 in Manchester, N.H.

By Brennan Barnard

‘ I don’t learn how to state it exactly. Only. … I wish to die as myself. &hellip pay for papers; I do not want them to change me personally in there. Turn me into some type or form of monster that i am maybe not. Only we keep wishing I could think of a real option to … showing the Capitol that they do not possess me. That I’m more than simply a piece inside their games.’ — Peeta Mellark, ‘The Hunger Games’

In twenty years of counseling pupils, i’ve witnessed a seismic shift in the approach toward university admission. As application numbers have actually increased, therefore gets the collective angst around university admission. With sinking admission prices, high-stakes screening, rising tuition expenses, unmanageable debt as well as an unhealthy fixation on the couple of many selective schools, we have been debilitating the next generation of learners. The message we inadvertently send: A prestige acceptance is preferable to a joyful childhood.

In a world that is ideal help write my essay paper college preparatory training would encourage students who crave knowledge, seek community engagement, desire connection and live their values. We say we wish our youngsters to feel safe, be influenced and take dangers making use of their curiosity. The reality of ‘Hunger Games’ comes closer to the reality, where pupils battle to survive in application pools seeming to demand excellence.

Exactly How is such a terrifying metaphor also possible? Exactly How did we deteriorate to where in actuality the college admission process unwittingly transforms children help with writing college papers into warriors that are but shells of their previous selves? There exists a paradox that is cruel. Learning is just a basically collaborative enterprise (as embodied in primary college), but this method demands we say we wish from our children that it be competitive, and that is what destroys the authenticity. The victors that are apparent this game would be the organizations — ever afraid pay for writing a research paper of losing ground to their rivals — driving your write essays for money competition, and viewing as students fight with on their own and others to persevere.

In a competition to be the most selective, attract the very best pupils, industry the best athletics groups and project a polished image, universities have lost sight of the most useful interest of those they would like to provide. National rankings, alumni giving, and exclusivity cause schools to boast can someone write me an essay about how precisely students that are few accept, and how many valedictorians, course presidents, recreations captains and school leaders they attract and sometimes reject. Advertising materials and information sessions tout the accomplished performers, volunteers, globe travelers and innovators that fill the colleges’ incoming classes.

The message to students is fundamentally Darwinian: Only the fittest survive, rising towards the top in a game title to endure a software procedure that centers on external perfection in place of internal depth. The cruel logic plays away inspite of the most readily useful intentions of people as the system itself is always to blame. The greater amount of candidates a school can reject while the more accepted students who enroll, the higher ranked a college is. By accepting huge percentages of prospects through early plans, encouraging resumes and perfect professional paper writing service transcripts, a method prevails where only the fittest survive the absolute most demanding curriculum available with the schedule that is fullest while being more unique compared to the classmates fighting next to them.

It becomes a battle for who can grab the rarest opportunity fastest and seemingly juggle it all, risking failure essay writer — but not such failure that they can show weakness, vulnerability or breakdown. Frustrated and conflicted, senior high school counselors and university admission officers are but messengers, gamemakers contractually beholden to the wishes of college boards, trustees, presidents and superintendents who sit during the ‘Capitol’ demanding increased selectivity and prestige within the pursuit of perceived quality.

Just the most confident and protected pupils — or maybe hardened — emerge unscathed, people who inspite of the force and aggressive odds, can remain true to their interests, values and sense of self. I’ve discovered that the teenagers and ladies who thrive in university are those for whom the school search was one of introspection, exploration and type an essay online personal development instead than the usual competition. The applicants who focus on fit, community and program as they give consideration to higher education will be the people who certainly find pleasure. As parents write my custom paper and educators, we must examine ourselves and what we are doing to your youth of our youngsters. Is life therefore grim, so desperate? May be the future that scary or do we trust that there are many paths to satisfaction, success and happiness?

It is a proactive approach for students and parents in districts every-where. Don’t simply watch for the ‘tide to turn,’ join the rebellion. Will not have fun with the game and permit it to change you. Don’t become an unrecognizable, packaged ‘monster.’ College campuses have actually long been instigators of positive change that is social and this moment is not any various. Whether university investment holdings, campus policy issues or racial inequality, it often takes students unifying from the status quo and speaking truth to transform founded and harmful methods. This present year we now have witnessed non-violent student i need essay help protests effect change at schools no more than Amherst College and as large as the University of Missouri. To initiate change, students and parents must band write and essay for me together and take a stand, declaring:

We shall NOT …
… believe success in life is dictated by just going to colleges with admission prices in the single digits.
… be athletes that are recruited ninth-graders and invest in an university before our voice changed.
… assume obscene financial obligation and become forced to live inside our moms and dads’ basement into our forties.
… fill activities allowing zero time to our teenage schedules for purposeless play.
… let flawed, unintelligible ranks determine our university option.
… sacrifice creative arts courses and other interesting electives in search of AP everything.
… enable one test, taken prematurily . for a Saturday morning, define us and crush our ambitions.
… connect with 20 schools since the admission workplace has waived the fee and encouraged us to apply.
… search for a early choice college just since it increases our probability of acceptance.

Alternatively, we shal …
… accept high school for the experience that it’s without making every decision in regards to the impact on university write paper admission.
… challenge ourselves academically and socially and just take risks that are healthy staying balanced.
… look at a range of universities and expand our society.
… make errors, try, fail and try once more.
… contribute to and provide our community because it is a good thing to do and never to build a resume or seek reward.
… acknowledge that our journey just isn’t always linear and that there surely is multiple path leading to our goals.
… remain real to our values essay writing assistance and live authentic, grounded lives that are daily.
… sleep, laugh and play.

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gay dating sites

The website web content has to be actually somewhat appropriate. The completely cost-free world wide web dating sites are going to let it be actually extremely achievable that you situate your significant other withno fees or loan. Online wedded dating websites are actually the present rage as well as might be the married men ticket to yet another planet of connections that are thrilling. There are a number of homosexual websites that may make it possible for you to become confidential since you seek to comprehend the individual whom you satisfied online.

About the Yahoo personals site, you can find out more on it. Oriental dating web sites provide you along withthe activity to uncover your true love in the convenience of your property. Suit maker your profile image to the kind of site you’re utilizing. It is actually critical on your component to produce ideal hunt about the gay dating web site about whichyou’re considering signing up withvery soon considering that it may be a con as well. best gay dating sites will certainly assure that you receive what you are looking for in an Asian single. There are actually many totally free gay dating web sites simply on call on the internet.

There are actually tons of websites available to decide on coming from, there are general ones that have gay and also lesbian segments yet in addition there are actually sites exclusively for gays as well as lesbians just. The superb thing about the gay dating sites is that they’re extremely individual. A fantastic gay dating web site will certainly give you witha simple opportunity to meet men you’re interested in. Possessing a great gay dating internet site, right now you can easily appreciate pleasurable discreet partnership. An excellent intersexual dating web site should possess several participant as well as nearly all them have the capacity to offer an excellent comment to it. What observes are a few recommendations to examine cost-free dating married sites and also choose whichone is actually for you.

Internet dating sites have stretched in to the dating wedded population as well as might be actually a superb approachto meet new people as well as go over adventures however may also be a letdown or a protection threat in case the correct one isn’t selected. What you are actually looking for on-line dating sites for totally free of cost gay thug songs. The really 1st step is actually to become a part of a homosexual dating singles sites.

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The Past history of gay dating sites Shot down

Being a lesbian isn’t basic. Withthe debut of gay dating sites like Pink Couchor Gay Pal Finder, finding singular lesbians isn’t an ordeal. While gay dating internet dating has numerous good aspects, one of the most crucial is actually the ability to fasten along witha person on a close level. The gays possess the odds to know their soul mate and partner easily. Today, it’s actually simple for gays to encounter partners withthe help of completely free of charge internet gay dating sites.

The web sites offer you a possibility to fulfill as several songs as you can to obtain the suitable partner for you in the future. Even when you maximize a site that provides ID confirmation, make certain that the individual is actually a person you are actually enticed of prior to you get going handing out any kind of individual facts. Just in case the internet site you have actually opted for does not have a chat request that are going to cover that information after that researchthe different kind of dialogue applications to determine what facts is presented. You will certainly find sucha large amount of matchmaking world wide web sites and every little thing you have actually got to carry out is choose the absolute most adequate one for you. Just before mosting likely to the site, you should certainly understand that a few of those members publishsome details risque pictures. It is actually also achievable to locate definitely free of charge web sites whichwill certainly ensure you situate a companion in the most convenient strategy. Dating There are actually many cost-free online solitary dating gay sites to become discovered on the internet.

Internet dating services have actually begun to flourishon the web offering option for world wide web matchmaking for love passion and relationship. Once you have actually fixed to participate in a gay dating and personals company, then you need to compose a gay account. The significant issue is actually to try out a gay dating agency and find whether they satisfy your criteria. At any moment you wishit is actually very likely to additionally benefit from their entirely free of cost gay dating companies as well as yet another opportunity to fulfill gay single people online.

The Made An Effort and also Correct Procedure for gay dating sites in Step throughMeasure Particular

Manage the incredibly preliminary companion right When you have situated a gay partner, your extremely initial partner is actually unavoidable. If you are actually searching for a Singular Gay or even you are actually one Gay person who prefers to searchfor an appealing gay companion, invited to the very best gay dating website. Also on the want list, make clear whichform of homosexual connection that you want to locate. Sadly, it is actually a consistent fact in the world wide web dating world one whichyou should bear in mind. When it relates to the realm of gay connections, then there are lots of factors one need to understand. If you truly require to optimize your gay dating knowledge, it is actually sensible that you just consider paid out dating sites instead of the completely free of cost sites.

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4 reasons why you should Stay Custom Essays Written centered in Your Senior Year

4 reasons why you should Stay centered in Your Senior Year

You done almost everything to get approved to your university that you choose: hrs invested creating essays and filling out types, period of data, several years of efforts building a superb school record that is high. Now that you’ve become accepted — particularly when it’s very early admission — your might experience the urge to kick back and chill out. I realize for which you’re originating from, but considering the fact that a school can rescind its provide and this some pupils already find it tough to shift equipment from highschool to college or university, here are four reasons that are good stay on track.

Colleges Could Rescind Admission Centered On Academics

Yes, you published a partial high school transcript whenever you put on universities, but that does not mean it is the final set of levels a college will see. You will also publish a transcript that is final the senior 12 months. If in case the school views a drastic fall in their performance, they could reconsider whether you’re however a candidate that is top. (Some could even concern a single lower level.) Thus create yourself a support and hunker down for the rest of senior school. Powering through now pay off after.

Schools Could Rescind Entry Based on Public Task

Gossip that college admissions officers become tech-savvy sufficient to browse their social media marketing profiles are certainly most fact than fiction. And also you wouldn’t like anything that may end up online (party pictures, heat-of-the-moment rants, also that elder prank you may have wishing in your back pouch — which, in addition, you ought to probably reconsider too!) to jeopardize that first-rate entrance your’ve scored.

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mail order girlfriend

Slovakia may not be actually the most well-known traveler destination in Europe as a result of the obscure sizes of the nation and also an undeveloped entertainment sphere in contrast to its own next-door neighbors. Having said that, there is definitely something that is going to capture your eye if you are actually a solo man looking for a connection – the beautiful Slovakian brides that remain in great quantity in this particular country. They are a perfect mix of conventional and present day, so you will certainly not be actually punctured of there not being enoughof either.

The realm of dating has actually altered a lot considering that guys were actually obliged to literally go on the streets trying to hit on females that matchtheir type. Today, the world possesses practically completely shifted into the electronic aircraft, online going out withconsisted of. Undoubtedly, dozens on the web courting web sites and different mail-order-brides bride-to-be services have filled up the internet, making it on call for guys coming from around the planet to associate withforeign new brides.

There are actually no limitations in regards to exactly how far or even exactly how near house one can easily search, whichindicates males are actually totally free to virtually journey to every edge of the planet on their journey of finding themselves a panoramic spouse. However, despite possessing numerous choices open to all of them, beginning withthe local area females that they are actually only also timid to technique in the metropolitan area, ending withsome unusual beauties seas away, men still usually tend to concentrate generally on the Slav females that are actually recognized for making men ridiculous withtheir attractive appeals and brilliant thoughts. Eastern Europe possesses a somewhat lot of countries that belong there certainly, especially due to the fact that the breakdown of the USSR as well as the crack of Czechoslovakia into the CzechCommonwealthas well as Slovakia, thus there are actually lots of various ladies to choose from. Yet here and now we are going to focus on exploring the locals of above mentioned Slovakia: what they are like and also just how to associate withthem.

Slovakian Characteristic and Figure

While it is actually important to observe that Slovakian women are all quite various and also special, and also have their very own personal qualities that produce all of them stand apart amongst the remainder, the following is actually a collective image of Slovak women as well as what they are like.

Slovakian Women are Intimate

Slovakian ladies are known to be incredibly womanly. As a result, it is actually no surprise they have some of the best typically stereotypically feminine things in them –- they really love romance! They cherishintimate gestures as well as enjoy making ones themselves. Slovak girls understand the elegance of lifestyle and also intend to proclaim. They like sharing their optimism and also love for this globe along withthe people close to them as they wishthem to experience the exact same! Furthermore, it likewise suggests women coming from Slovakia have a tendency to be extremely original. They think that it is certainly not the total of loan you spent into a pleasing surprise for your better half however interest to information that tally.

Slovakian Brides are Keen on Being Sensual

Althoughit is actually a well-known simple fact Eastern European ladies are certainly not particularly major generally subject matter of rendezvous, it carries out not mean Slovak ladies do certainly not appreciate sex. On the contrary, they are very open-minded as well as sensual. Blend of the 2 results in it acquiring exceptionally hot in mattress.

Slovakian Girls are Family-Oriented

Part of Slovakian females without a doubt like to have a great profession, however it is likewise real that a number of them prefer to remain at house as well as handle the home. Definitely, in comparison to the Western girls, Slovak girls are actually muchmore pronounced on the concept of possessing children and keeping the property looking at performing all your house duties. After all, they are actually really paid attention to the well-being of their loved ones, whichmakes Slovakian bride-to-bes sucha terrific selection for relationship.

Slovakian Ladies are Super Attractive

It is clear that Slav girls are actually normally extremely appealing aesthetically. Slovakian females are no exception to this guideline. What Slovakia is without in measurements it replaces in attractive women. They look good very easily due to the mother earth’ s present their organic look is actually. Slovak gals mainly have the following attributes:

  • Naturally slender and also toned;
  • Fair skin;
  • Rounder deals withtiny functions;
  • Highcheekbones;
  • Blue/ eco-friendly eyes;
  • Light direct hair.

Now that you know what kind of a prize Slovakian females are actually, you might ponder why there are actually Slovakian mail order brides and also more significantly what does it imply – Slovakian brides available ‘. First off, allow ‘ s detail that any type of Slovakian girl that determines to use the on the web outdating website solutions becomes a mail order bride. It is not a surprise that a bunchof ladies in Slovakia utilize those given that they are keen on discovering overseas guys to wed them. Having said that, the truththey are gotten in touchwith- new brides available ‘ performs not mean they are in fact being traded. First of all, this is strongly unlawful, and, secondly, it carries out not actually create any sort of sense. What is in fact meant throughthis is actually that the web sites to whichSlovakian brides register costs men a fee for making use of the features it offers communication along withgirls.

Where to Look for Slovakian Females?

So, an all-natural question emerges: where can guys searchfor Slovakian mail order girlfriend brides? Of course, there are loads of internet sites online that include accounts of warm Slovakian females, yet our team heavily urge you to just happen the sites you are positive about. It is pivotal to select trusted systems to ensure that you understand the relevant information you discuss there continues to be safe as well as the girls you communicate along withare legitimate. Sadly, our experts need to pressure this out as there are actually all type of folks around on earthmaking an effort to take advantage of individuals’ s desire to discover their true love.

We possess a couple of internet dating internet site recommendations for you. To make sure that you could be certain your seek a Slovakian woman is actually efficient.

Victoria Hearts

  • A very swiftly and also easy to use the on-line dating site.
  • One of the absolute most popular and oldest platforms that includes a very large number of profile pages of ladies coming from all over the globe, consisting of attractive Slovakian ladies.
  • Has an extensive moderation device that guards the internet site users from defrauders.

Love Swans

  • Has a transparent remittance system so you could be certain your economic data is safe.
  • Offers numerous searchdevices that enable you to individualize your searchto matchalong withindividuals of the highest compatibility along withyou.
  • Has a considerable amount of Slovakian singles trying to find love.


Slovakian mail-order new brides is an exceptional selection for guys that like to become in the leading setting, as these gals are actually somewhat subdued and also family-oriented. Nevertheless, they are very well-educated, whichmeans she is going to be actually a great opponent in any type of mental discussion and also are going to certainly never maintain you burnt out. Mentioning the adversary, Slovakian gals are additionally recognized for their scorching mood in bedroom, to ensure that is a great deal. Thus, if you assume you may handle a Slovakian appeal, go all out!

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China mail order brides – Christian clerics helping Chinese men target poor girls in Pakistan for marriage, AP reports

China mail order brides – Christian clerics helping Chinese men target poor girls in Pakistan for marriage, AP reports

Muqadas Ashraf was just 16 when her parents married her off to a Chinese man who had come to Pakistan looking for a bride. Less than five months later, Muqadas is back in her home country, pregnant and seeking a divorce from a husband she says was abusive.

She is one of hundreds of poor Christian girls who have been trafficked to China in a market for brides that has swiftly grown in Pakistan since late last year, activists say. Brokers are aggressively seeking out girls for Chinese men, sometimes even cruising outside churches to ask for potential brides. They are being helped by Christian clerics paid to target impoverished parents in their congregation with promises of wealth in exchange for their daughters.

Parents receive several thousand dollars and are told that their new sons-in-law are wealthy Christian converts. The grooms turn out to be neither, according to several brides, their parents, an activist, pastors and government officials, all of whom spoke to The Associated Press. Once in China, the girls — most often married against their will — can find themselves isolated in remote rural regions, vulnerable to abuse, unable to communicate and reliant on a translation app even for a glass of water.

“This is human smuggling,” said Aslam Augustine, the human rights and minorities minister in Pakistan’s Punjab province, in an interview with the AP. “Greed is really responsible for these marriages … I have met with some of these girls and they are very poor.”

Augustine accused the Chinese government and its embassy in Pakistan of turning a blind eye to the practice by unquestioningly issuing visas and documents. The Chinese Ministry of Foreign Affairs denied that, saying China has zero tolerance for illegal transnational marriage agencies.

Human Rights Watch called on China and Pakistan to take action to end bride trafficking, warning in an April 26 statement of “increasing evidence that Pakistani women and girls are at risk of sexual slavery in China.”

  • U.S. approved thousands of child bride requests, and it was legal

On Monday, Pakistan’s Federal Investigation Agency arrested eight Chinese nationals and four Pakistanis in raids in Punjab province in connection with trafficking, Geo TV reported. It said the raids followed an undercover operation that included attending an arranged marriage.

The Chinese embassy said last month that China is cooperating with Pakistan to crack down on unlawful matchmaking centers, saying “both Chinese and Pakistani youths are victims of these illegal agents.”

The Associated Press interviewed more than a dozen Christian Pakistani brides and would-be brides who fled before exchanging vows. All had similar accounts of a process involving brokers and members of the clergy, including describing houses where they were taken to see potential husbands and spend their wedding nights in Islamabad, the country’s capital, and Lahore, the capital of Punjab province.

“It is all fraud and cheating. All the promises they make are fake,” said Muqadas.

Working as a beautician in Pakistan’s capital, Mehak Parvez was earning $175 a month at a beauty parlor but wanted to do more to support her family and supplement her father’s income as a rickshaw driver.

Last year, Parvez visited her hometown, Faisalabad, to attend the wedding of a female relative, who married a Chinese man. This was a turning point in the life of Parvez, 18, who is a school dropout.

“I decided to do the same. I thought this is good for my future and in this way I will be able to help my family,” Parvez said.

While at the wedding, she spoke to the Pakistani assistant of one of the Chinese guests, who assured her of finding a Chinese man for marriage.

Parvez’s journey through the Chinese matchmaking process did not turn out as she had hoped.

Recent raid, arrests

Last week, Pakistan’s law-enforcing Federal Investigation Agency raided a similar wedding in Faisalabad and arrested several people for human trafficking.

In the days since, authorities have arrested almost a dozen people in other cities, including Chinese and Pakistani citizens. They stand accused of human trafficking, as well as arranging fake marriages between Pakistani women and Chinese men and forging documents.

Human Rights Watch has raised alarms about bride smuggling from Pakistan to China, saying many girls and women are at risk of being pushed into prostitution. The group said the allegations are similar to the pattern of trafficking women to China from at hottest chinese girl least five other Asian countries. Women’s families are paid thousands of dollars, but the women themselves can end up sold into sexual slavery for years.

FILE – In this April 29, 2019, photo, graffiti advertising a marriage agent is spray-painted on the wall of a warehouse in Pei County in eastern China’s Jiangsu province.

The Chinese Embassy in Islamabad says it has sent a task force to Pakistan to cooperate with law enforcement, and Beijing supports Pakistan’s efforts to ensure cross-border marriages are legal. However, the embassy statement disputed reports that Pakistani women are subject to forced prostitution or human organ transplants in China.

Quick process

Parvez said once she indicated she was interested in a marriage, the Chinese organizers moved quickly, finding a Chinese groom and setting their marriage for Nov. 19, 2018, in Faisalabad.

It was after her marriage ceremony, while she was waiting in Lahore for their travel documents, when she became suspicious as the wait grew longer.

“I was staying in a house with other Pakistani girls and soon realized things were not right,” she said. “I asked my husband through Google translation and he would tell me nothing.”

Parvez told VOA that when she told the Chinese hosts that she no longer wanted to go to China, the Pakistani agent started blackmailing her.

Christian community activist Saleem Iqbal, based in Lahore, has been working with the victims and said he had heard stories of blackmail and coercion from other victims.

He estimated 700 Christian girls have been taken to China under the pretext of marriages during the last few years. The number of married women is higher, Iqbal said.

FILE – A top private Pakistani television station airs images of several Chinese men with six local women, including two teenage girls, at an illegal matchmaking center in the eastern city of Lahore.

Christian families targeted

According to authorities and Christian community activists, the smuggling gangs are mostly active in Punjab province and mainly target poor Christian families for phony marriages. They had displayed banners in public places seeking young brides for Chinese men.

But media reports suggest Muslim girls have also been targeted.

“The gang members normally tell Muslim families the Chinese suitor has recently converted to Islam, and to the Christians they say the Chinese men have converted to Christianity,” said Saleem, adding that all such stories are fabricated.

Christian community leader Saleem is worried for the young women, some of whom are pregnant: “What will happen to the children? Who will marry these young mothers even if they get divorced?”

The newly married Parvez is also discussing getting a divorce.

“I am not upset that I did not travel to China,” she said.

Linh, a high school student, thought nothing of accepting a family friend’s casual invitation to visit the neighbouring district of Muong Khuong.

That family “friend” turned out to be a lying crook – he was in fact working for a human trafficking ring, and had taken a year to slowly befriend the 17-year-old.

En route to Muong Khuong, the teenager was kidnapped and brought to China, where she was forced to marry a stranger.

‘If you are trafficked, of course you will be raped. Probably everyone was raped,’ she recalled.

‘I became a wife there (in China). At that house, I had to obey everything they said or else I would be beaten. They beat me without fear because I am not Chinese.’

In the scenic rural highlands of northwestern Vietnam, girls like Linh, and as young as 13, have been disappearing from the remote villages at an alarming rate.

Kidnapped and sold to human traffickers, many of these young girls end up re-sold as brides in China, a country grappling with a gender imbalance in which men greatly outnumber women, as the programme Insight discovers. (Watch the episode here.)


Vietnam and China share a long mountainous and porous border, which has made it easier for traffickers to snatch girls from the villages and move them across the border.

‘There’s a lot of money in human trafficking. The people who sell girls can make tens of thousands of dollars on a sale,’ pointed out Michael Brosowski, founder of Hanoi-based charity Blue Dragon Children’s Foundation which rescues Vietnamese trafficking victims.

Between 2012 and 2017, more than 3,000 people, mostly women and children, were trafficked, according to the Vietnamese Ministry of Public Security. But these are just the official figures – the number of unreported cases is widely thought to be significantly higher.

Caitlin Wiesen, country director of the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), pointed out that Vietnam is known as a source country for labour exploitation, sexual exploitation and forced marriages.

Poverty in remote areas, low education levels and a lack of jobs have created an environment where women feel they need to go out and find work, she said. Some, lured by promises of jobs, end up being trafficked by unscrupulous agents.

And these agents, or traffickers, explained Brosowski, are willing to invest weeks and sometimes months in getting close to a victim, so that they can make that “sale”.

There’s no typical profile of a trafficker; he or she can be anyone – from young, unemployed school dropouts, to elderly women selling tea in a marketplace, to even fellow teenage girls.

‘Traffickers can be male or female, they can be any age … most of the time, the traffickers have built a relationship with the victim, sometimes over many months,’ said Brosowski.

‘They may have even gone on holiday together, before the trafficker takes her to China.’


That was the case for Linh (not her real name) who lives in Bac Ha, one of Vietnam’s most impoverished regions in Lao Cai where villagers rely heavily on small-scale farming as their main source of livelihood.

That region’s per capita income is around half that of the country, and many farmers feel trapped in a cycle of poverty.

Linh was duped and sold to a trafficking ring in China. She was oblivious to what was going on, ‘until I arrived in some district and saw Chinese characters. That’s when I realised I was trafficked. I was frightened’, she recalled.

She was moved from place to place, and finally sold as a bride to a family who beat her frequently – simply because she couldn’t speak their language.

‘You have to be completely obedient when you are over there,’ said Linh, now 19.

Fortunately, her resourceful father managed to track her down, to a home in Yunnan province where she was subsequently rescued by the authorities.

Then there’s Giang, who is also from Lao Cai – she was just 16 when she was kidnapped by a friend at a market last year.

She suspected that she had been drugged, as she suddenly found herself in China.

‘We hung out at the market and when we left to go home, they took me straight to China,’ recounted Giang, who wanted to be known only by this nickname. ‘When I knew what was going on, I was already in China.’

She refused to get married and cried every day, she said.

Giang was lucky – she met a Vietnamese guy who pitied her and sold his motorbike to pay her kidnappers for her release. The whole ordeal lasted five long agonising days.


These two girls are just a fraction of the trafficked girls who are able to return home, with many more left trapped in a foreign country against their will.

But what’s fuelling this demand for Vietnamese brides in China, home to 1.4 billion people?

READ: The ‘leftover men’ of China, who just want to get married

WATCH: China’s men desperately seeking wives (4:44)

Massive gender imbalance, intense cultural pressure and expensive dowries have forced many men from poor villagers in China to resort to extreme measures to find themselves a bride.

China’s one-child policy, which came into force in 1979, has prevented around 400 million births, according to the Chinese government.

Coupled with the general preference among Chinese families for male offspring, it has resulted in China having one of the highest gender imbalances in the world – it is estimated that come 2020, there would be 55 million more males than females.

It is little surprise that some of these men look towards neighbouring countries such as Vietnam for lifelong partners.


This surplus of bachelors has caught the attention of human traffickers who hope to cash in. And a Chinese man – legitimately looking for a life partner – may not realise that the woman he is meeting is a victim of human trafficking.

The Vietnamese police investigated more than 1,000 cases of human trafficking between 2012 to 2017, and arrested more than 2,000 people for their involvement in this illegal trade.

However, not all marriages involving Vietnamese brides and Chinese grooms are forced ones, claimed matchmaker Lim, who maintained that some women were willing to be sold as wives.

‘Vietnamese women have a lowly status and so that’s why they come to China to get a husband,’ she elaborated. ‘People who want to come here, they are happy but the people who don’t (find happiness), they run away because they are anxious about their lives here.’

But the reality is, many young women from Vietnam have gambled on their marriages in China, driven by their extreme poverty – and fallen prey to scams that leave them open to abuse.


The good news is that on average, about 100 victims return from China each year, estimated Nguyen Tuong Long, head of Lào Cai’s Department of Social Evils Prevention.

But often, these victims have been through sexual abuse and labour exploitation. ‘In many cases, victims were forced into prostitution. Consequently, most returned victims suffer from severe psychological trauma,’ he said.

The situation got so bad that the Chinese government embarked on a campaign to clean up those brothels, said Brosowski. ‘That form of trafficking has disappeared although it does keep popping up from time to time.’

Aside from the scars of their experiences, some of these victims find out that they are not even welcomed by their own family when they return home – simply because of the stigma associated with trafficked girls.

‘When these victims escape trafficking, they have already endured great physical and mental pain, and when they return to their communities and families, there is still prejudice,’ observed Nguyen. ‘The people believe that the victims prostitute themselves.’

Survivor Linh is familiar with that feeling of rejection – her relief at returning home soon turned to anger where she felt that people were judging and scrutinising her.

‘People looked at me like I am a stranger, but it is not like I wanted this to happen to me,’ she said.

However, she has since found some closure – she found out that her kidnapper confessed to the police a week after he sold her and was sentenced to prison. She hasn’t seen him since.

Her goal now is to graduate from high school and figure out what to do next.

‘At first when I just returned, I had these moments where I blamed myself,’ she said. ‘But since I went back to school, I have told myself it was not my fault … I have to be less harsh on myself so I can live better.’

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Shmoop Definition: Teaching Critical Technology Thinking

Shmoop Definition: Teaching Critical Technology Thinking

As the end-of-school bell rings, middle schoolers immediately reach into sweatshirt pockets and colorful backpacks to reunite with their smartphones. Suddenly, the frenzy of voices is joined by the ding of new messages. Amidst the clanging lockers, students pose for photos with friends and giggle at the latest Snapchat filters. Even goodbye waves are accompanied with reminders to send messages or add each other to the latest group chat.

In their personal lives and in schools, most students eagerly embrace innovative technology and quickly gain tech fluency especially when it comes to smartphones. While proficient technology use is important, it’s not enough to prepare students to make thoughtful decisions. As the world’s future decision makers, our students must wrestle with the costs, benefits, promises, and perils of technology. National Geographic reporter Robert Draperpoints out that technology often offers the best and worst at the exact same time. In other words, most new tech isn’t all good or all bad. New infrared cameras can help save endangered pandas, for example, but they can also subject us to Orwellian surveillance.

In order for students to critically evaluate the technology they use, they need more than how-to classes. Proficient smartphone use doesn’t mean you can reasonably consider how it’s impacting your life or when you should put your phone away to focus on other things. Learning to code is great but it doesn’t prepare you to consider the way algorithms shape the social media world. Instead of just teaching students how to use technology, let’s also teach them how to think about it.

Below, I offer a few suggestions for where to start if you want to integrate critical technology thinking into your classroom.

Take a Reasoned View

Before you jump into tech conversations with your students, take a moment to examine your own views. Are you preoccupied with a new app’s possibility for bullying? Are you enamored by the ways a new device will make your life better?

Dana Boyd, author of It’s Complicated: The Social Lives of Networked Teens, points out that teachers, along with most adults, are typically divided into two tech-thinking camps: techno-utopians embrace technology as the solution to massive world problems while cyber-dystopians panic over the dire possibilities of each new change. Both schools of thought have merit, but neither is enough to teach our students how to thoughtfully analyze technological possibilities. When students think about miniscule new cameras, for example, they must use both views: On one hand, the smaller cameras may allow citizens to expose harsh government actions but they may also broadcast personal conversations without consent. Instead of falling into an extreme view, adopt a reasoned approach that considers benefits as well as costs.

Teaching Tech Through Literacy

Teaching how to think about technology doesn’t mean that you just load up on expensive computers or equipment. When we consider critical digital consumption as more than a how-to guide, we can build the conversations into lessons in many subjects.

During a recent fellowship at Tulsa Institute For Teachers with Dr. Denise Dutton, I researched ways to teach critical technology skills without being tied to a specific piece of technology. Literature, for example, offers plenty of opportunities. Consider Jean Craighead George’s 1959 novel ‘My Side of the Mountain,’ a text I used in my own 5th grade classroom. In the fictional, pre-internet world, protagonist Sam Gribley runs away from home and makes a life in the woody Catskill Mountains. The book offers a perfect backdrop to discuss how tech has changed the coming-of-age experience. How would Sam’s experience be different if he could just use GPS to find his destination? Would he have avoided mistakes and their accompanying discoveries if he could watch a Youtube tutorial for how to make a fire?

A novel written before a new technology comes into vogue isn’t out-of-date; it’s an opportunity to discuss how technology changes the way we live and interact. Mine your bookshelves and library turntables for texts that work for your class.

Read Up

While you probably can’t cover every area of technological influence, there are plenty of smart books about the way technology is changing our students’ lives. If you’re concerned about the way that devices impact student interaction, check out MIT professor Sherry Turkle’s work. Her latest book, Reclaiming Conversation: The Power of Talk in a Digital Agefocuses on how technology impacts student talk. Alone Together, also by Turkle, is a research-heavy take on how technology impacts relationships and peer connections. Another text to check out is Alan Lightman’s recently released book In Praise of Wasting Time in which he analyzes the cumulative impact of the constant connectivity made possible by smartphones, laptops, and smartwatches. A quick trip to your library or local bookstore will yield additional options.

No matter what subject you teach, consider integrating critical technology thinking. You don’t have to be a master coder, viral Youtuber, or cutting-edge social media user to guide students towards thoughtful digital consumption. Instead, think about how to leverage books or lessons that you already have. Our students need more than new gadgets to navigate the ever-evolving world of technology.

EducationWorld is pleased to present this article contributed by C.M. Rubin. The piece is part of Rubin’s online interview series Global Search for Education, in which she joins thought leaders as they explore big-picture education questions that all nations face. For this series and her other online series “How Will We Read?”, she received a 2011 Upton Sinclair award. Rubin is also the author of three bestselling books, including The Real Alice in Wonderland.

Flash forward a decade or so. How do we feel about girls and games today? How do we feel about our STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Mathematics) issues? And how do we feel about using games to help students grasp difficult math and science concepts–games that let them actively engage with learning?Doom, Duke Nukem, Abe’s Oddysee, Driver, Enter the Matrix…I watched as my husband and his business partners launched some of the biggest games in the world. ‘Is this just a guy thing?’ I wondered. What about girls? Girls wanna play games, too. ‘There is no market for girl games,’ explained the male marketing director. ‘Oh really?”

I am pleased to welcome Lucien Vattel, CEO and founder of GameDesk, and Asi Burak, President of Games for Change, to talk about Girls and Games.

Are there games that promote STEM that are created for girls? What are some of the best learning games for girls?

Asi Burak: I belong to the camp that believes that the games industry only scratches the surface in terms of potential mainstream audiences, and the breadth of issues and genres we can tackle, beyond what we’re seeing today. Fortunately, some developers and publishers recognize the huge opportunity and necessity to address girls, especially with STEM games. Our only barriers are legacy, public perception and norms. A good example, and relatively new, is PBS’s SciGirls – a TV show that is accompanied by online games and activities.

There are also bold efforts that directly aim at ‘converting’ girls into game developers, designers and coders such as Girlstart, Girls Who Code and the initiative by Dell and the Girl Scouts called Be The Game Developer. What these efforts have in common is the belief and understanding that girls and women MUST be part of this emerging medium, both as consumers and as creators.

Lucien Vattel: There are many games currently designed, particularly in the science and math areas, where female perspective is definitely taken into the design. There aren’t a lot of girl-focused games, but definitely the design-learning type games — what we call mobile sandbox type games — are targeted to girls, especially in the design and engineering process. Look at the effort being made in MineCraftEdu, for example — the amount of girl contributions is highly significant. The different sandbox type games that are out there now put kids in a position to openly design and explore, and a lot of the inventor games have kids construct Rube Goldberg or simple machines. There’s a fantastic game called Newton’s Playground that focuses on bridging natural creativity to engineering and has shown a lot of promise with the girl population.

On the bright side, there is more debate around this than ever before, and more programs and products that try to change the equation. So I’m optimistic, but it may take longer than we’d like.

Generally speaking, games are mostly developed by men and most of the big game companies are run by men. Do you think that has an impact on the appeal of the end product? Do you think there are any strategies that might be used to make the end product appealing to both girls and boys?

Asi Burak: I am confident it has a tremendous impact. The Game Developers Conference (GDC) brings together in San Francisco more than 20,000 game developers every year to discuss and engage with the latest and most exciting ideas around game design and development. However, when I look around, 90% of the attendees are white males. People in the industry speak about the lack of diversity more than ever before, but change is slow. According to the last figures I’ve seen, only 10% of the folks who work in the games industry are females. If you dig deeper and look for hard-core coders or designers, you would find only 3-4% females. Naturally, that affects the types of games being developed. It’s a chicken and egg cycle – if girls don’t find games that speak to them, and are not encouraged to become ‘gamers,’ then there is less incentive for the big publishers and developers to make products for them.

Lucien Vattel: Without a doubt, that is absolutely the case. However, in the general independent games arena, there’s been a lot of really fantastic, unique and different games that come out of girl development groups and girl-driven design groups. That hasn’t completely permeated the education space yet, but there’s an incredible amount of designers who are women. I think if you look at a game called Reach for the Sun, there were a lot of female designers on that game. So, I think the strategy to create games appealing to both boys and girls is simple — hire more women/girls.

Asi Burak: Absolutely. I was really happy to learn that Robin Hunicke, who keynoted the 2013 Games for Change Festival, is one of the faces of the Google campaign. We need big efforts and aggressive campaigns to change the very imbalanced picture. It’s great to see Robin, Leigh Alexander, Jane McGonigal, Brenda Romero and other thought-leaders emerging and changing the public perception of what the games industry is all about and what games are. At the Games for Change Festival, 50% of our speakers are females. Part of it is our intention, but the other part has to do with more females pushing the boundaries of the medium. We partnered with Nicholas Kristof and Sheryl WuDunn on ‘Half the Sky Movement’ to create four games specifically designed around the empowerment of women and girls. Perhaps the best evidence that change is coming: our Facebook game has reached over 1.3 million players, and 80% of them are female. There is a clear demand for high-quality experience for women and girls; we just need to make sure we change the supply side.What do you think of the Google initiative to encourage girls to code? Will it help?

Lucien, can you tell us about games specifically related to developing math and science skills?

Geomoto focuses on earth science and geoscience through two games: Continental Drift and Plate Tectonics. This is an interactive set of games that uses LEAP Motion technology to teach players about these scientific concepts.

Continental Drift is a puzzle game that encourages players to recognize patterns and use information to make hypotheses, test theories and use reverse engineering techniques to understand geological models. The students’ mission is to return present-day Earth to its Pangea state.

We’ve found that the LEAP Motion technology, which tracks hand movement, resonates with female students, and they are more easily able to grasp difficult scientific concepts by engaging in natural, physical movements. Plate Tectonics allows students to virtually create geographic features by pulling, smashing and grinding tectonic plates together. This game also uses the LEAP Motion Controller, allowing players to produce the motion of the plates using hand gestures. Initial challenges focus on exposure to the vocabulary surrounding plate tectonics, with later levels requiring specific observations about the structures created from the plate collisions.

Mathmaker is a remedial math program that has a long history of helping at-risk students attending large urban schools struggling to reach proficient levels in mathematics. Students engage in a carefully structured series of game-making activities that require them to grapple with and apply mathematic standards in game design, game logic and game programming activities. The curriculum is designed to improve students’ mathematic proficiency, increase students’ motivation in math and positively impact students’ STEM identities.

Mathmaker was used in a pilot program in a California high school, and the data demonstrated strong quantitative and qualitative results, with an increase of an average of 20 percent on mathematics proficiency tests. Additionally, 80 percent of students posted math content improvements from pre to post-tests. The Mathmaker program allows students to create their own games by applying mathematic principles, and this allows students to create and produce games they want to play.

When given the tools to create games, we found female students to be incredibly creative, and we actually hosted a games course at a Southern California high school specifically for female students. We not only learned that a lot of girls were interested in games and game development, but also that the games they created had to do with social, cultural and emotional interactions, which is a growing market in the video game industry focusing on female players.

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